Knowing your employment type helps you know your rights and responsibilities at work, as well as the legal obligations your employer has towards you. This page links to further information on different types of employment.
The main kinds of employment status are:
A worker is a broad employment type which includes being an employee. Types of workers that are not employees may include casual worker (sometimes called casual employee or zero hours contract), agency worker, and freelancer. Workers do not include people who work for themselves.
A person is probably a worker if:
All workers typically have employment contracts with their employers. An employment contract is an agreement which sets out the terms and conditions of employment, including the employee's duties, rights and responsibilities.
Being self-employed can mean:
Being a sole trader or sole proprietor means that a single person is responsible for running the business. Being part of a partnership means that more than one person shares the responsibility. Being a director of a limited company means that the limited company is responsible for the business.
Being economically inactive may include:
Further advice on employment types can be found on the GOV.UK website. Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs (HMRC) provides an online tool called the Employment Status Indicator (ESI) which enables individuals or groups to check their employment status for the purposes of tax, VAT and National Insurance contributions (NICs). The Trades Union Congress (TUC) provides legal information and support via the workSMART website.